Luwire comprises a small team of dedicated conservationists, many of whom have been in place since its inception in 2001.   We seek practical and robust solutions to the challenges of conservation at scale and long term financial and physical security that allows the area under our stewardship to thrive. Luwire staff work closely with the small local communities who must ultimately take up the reigns and guardianship of Luwire’s incredible heritage.

The Luwire Conservancy is located within the Niassa Special Reserve in northern Mozambique (a Commonwealth country). Key Niassa characteristics include:

  • Fourth largest protected area in Sub-Saharan Africa. Twice the size of Kruger National Park at 10,000,000 acres or 42,000km². Comparable in size to Wales, Denmark or Massachusetts.
  • Borders with Tanzania and contains the largest concentration of game in Mozambique. Holds the largest and most viable elephant population in Mozambique. Ideal habitat to re-establish black rhino which went locally extinct between 2000 and 2010.
  • One of the largest miombo woodland forests in the world.
  • Remote, pristine wilderness with an indigenous population of 60,000 and virtually no tourism infrastructure.
  • Under severe threat from poaching, artisanal mining and illegal forestry due to limited historical governmental and NGO oversight and insufficient community engagement.
  • Divided into eighteen blocks of which a limited number have any real conservation effort.
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The Luwire Wildlife Conservancy was awarded in 2000 as Niassa’s first private concession. It remains one of the most significant wilderness areas within the Niassa Special Reserve. It sits on the southeastern bank of the Lugenda River, covering an area of 1 million acres (450,000 hectares), and benefiting from 300km of river frontage. Nine caves have been discovered to date featuring paintings from historic indigenous tribes.  Luwire is a prehistoric wilderness with incredible diversity by geography, flora and fauna – and includes miombo woodlands, granite inselbergs , open savannah, wetlands, river floodplains, and riverine forest. Wildlife in the concession include: Niassa wildebeest, Boehm’s zebra, Johnston’s impala, elephant, buffalo, serval, lion, leopard, hippopotamus, Niassa wildebeest, Lichtenstein’s hartebeest, kudu, crocodile, sable antelope, eland, African wild dogs, duiker, warthog, baboon, hyena, common reedbuck, klipspringer, jackal and hundreds of bird species. Pel’s fishing owl, African Pitta, African skimmer and the Taita falcon feature prominently within this biodiversity.


Despite its size and importance, the Niassa Special Reserve is not as well-known nor supported as other more established African reserves and national parks.  We are attracted by its iconic beauty and potential and are amongst the few who have stepped in to secure and nurture this wild place.  Niassa represents perhaps the biggest conservation challenge in Africa today.  It is a unique opportunity to make a difference at scale when scale is rapidly being lost across the African continent.  The continued survival of mega species such as lion, elephant and wild dogs in their natural state is dependent upon scale. However, scale and remoteness bring challenges. The high cost of operations, heavy rains and seasonal access, human population growth, the value of resources such as timber, bush meat, ivory and minerals to criminal syndicates and the low importance previously accorded by Government are all significant stumbling blocks. Our initial dream of a self-sustaining conservation initiative continues to require a hefty subsidy. However, we remain focused on the single goal that if defended successfully, true wilderness is priceless.

Our Story
Years In Operation (Block L7)
Hectares (Ha) Protected
Ranger Scouts Employed
Community Families Supported
Villages in L7


October 2020


We run projects that employ over 875 people.


Together we make all the difference


As long as poaching, injustice & inequality persist, none of us can truly rest. It doesn’t take much to change an animals life. Get in touch today and start making the difference.